Informational content of the soil magnetism indicators for solving agrogeophysics and soil science tasks

User Rating:  / 0


A.I. Menshov, Cand. Sci. (Geol.), Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, Research Fellow of the Geology Faculty, Kyiv, Ukraine

A.V. Kruglov, Cand. Sci. (Geol.), National Scientific Centre “O.N. Sokolovskiy Institute for Soil Science and Argochemistry Research”, Senior Research Fellow, Kharkiv, Ukraine

A.V. Sukhorada, Cand. Sci. (Geol.-Min.), Associate Professor, Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, Senior Research Fellow of the Geology Faculty, retired, Kyiv, Ukraine


Purpose. Agriculture and soil science are the most promising areas for soil magnetism information content investigation. These researches are called agrogeophysics. Soil mapping, studying of the soil genetic horizons, geomorphic situations are among the main tasks of the soil science. Mapping of farming lands, study of soil erosion, relevance of organic and mineral fertilizers injection and determination of integral indicator of fertility are the basic directions of soil magnetism informational content researches in agronomy. All the problems discussed above can be solved with the magnetic methods. Moreover, they are high speed, effective and low-cost.

Methodology. For magnetic analyses of the soil cover different parameters of magnetic researches can be used and the main are following: magnetic susceptibility, natural remanent magnetization, summary and effective magnetization, vertical gradient of the magnetic field. The magnetic parameters are measured in the laboratory and in the natural conditions with the astatic magnetometer LAM-24, rock-generator JR-4, kappabridge KLY-2, dual frequency magnetometer MS-2, field kappameters KT-5 and PIMV-M, a special magnetic gradiometer. Soil content was studied by means of Ph and elements analyses.

Findings. This publication presents the results of measurements of magnetic susceptibility of soils in areas with different landscapes. The magnetic characteristics decrease under the conditions of eluvial landscapes and under the influence of geochemical processes of salinization. Furthermore, the minimal values of the soil magnetism are specific for hydromorphic landscapes. Usually mentioned processes cannot be determined visually. In the same time they significantly reduce productivity of agricultural land. Soil erosion is a separate problem.

Originality. The connection between the dispersion of the magnetic susceptibility and erosion status of the site was established. Topsoil is washed away under the influence of water erosion. We have observed the decreasing of the magnetic susceptibility values in areas under risk of erosion.

Practical value. Further investigations of the informational content of soil magnetism in agriculture and soil science are associated with the development of an optimal technology of soil mapping with use of magnetic methods. The fundamental problems of the geophysics of soil can be solved. Methodology of research and construction of the magnetic models of soil cover of Ukraine can be developed.


1. Menshov, O. and Sukhorada, A. (2010), “Magnetic properties of Ukrainian soils and their information content”, 72th EAGE Conference & Exhibition, Barcelona, Spain, June 14–17, 2010, available at: pubid=39881

2. Сухорада А.В. Геофизика педосферы – проблемы и методология их решения / А.В. Сухорада, М.А. Сухорада // Тез. Доп. ІV міжнар. конф. „Моніторинг небезпечних геологічних процесів та екологічного стану середовища“. – К., 2003. – С. 128–129.

Sukhorada, A.V. and Sukhorada, M.A. (2003), “Soil geophysics, problems and methods of solution” Proc. of the 4th International Conf. “Monitorynh nebezpechnykh heologichnyh protsesiv ta ekolohichnoho stanu seredovysha”, Kyiv, Ukraine, pp. 128–129.

3. Gennadiyev, A.N., Golosov, V.N., Chernyanskiy, S.S., Markelov, M.V., Kovach, R.G., Belyaev, V.R. and Ivanova, N.N. (2006), “Comparative assessment of the contents of magnetic spherules, 137Cs, and 210Pb in soils as applied for the estimation of soil erosion”, Eurasian Soil Science, vol. 39, no.10, pp. 1100–1115.

4. Sapkota, B., Cioppa, M.T. and Gagnon, J.E. (2011), “Investigation of the changes in magnetic and chemical properties of soil during plant growth in a controlled environment”, Environ. Earth Sci., DOI 10.1007/s12665-011-1099-4

5. Nachtergaele, F.O. (1995), “From the FAO-UNESCO Soil Map of the World to the Digital Global Soil and Terrain Database”, Proc. ESB meeting Athens. AGL Working paper. FAO, Rome.

6. Сухорада А.В. Родючість ґрунтів як предмет агрогеофізичних досліджень [Текст] / А.В.Сухорада, О.В. Круглов // Вісн. Київ. ун-ту. Геологія. – К., 2004. – Вип. 29–30. – С.76–79.

Sukhorada, A.V. and Kruglov, O.V. (2004), “Soil fertility as an object of study in agricultural and geophysical research”, Visnyk Kyivskoho universytetu. Geology, vol. 29–30, pp. 76–79.

7. Hongya Wang, Yuying Huo, Lingyun Zeng, Xiouqin Wu and Yunlong Cai (2008), “A 42 soil erosion record inferred from mineral magnetism of reservoir sediments in a small carbonate-rock ca.tchment, Guizhou Plateau, Southwest”, China Journal Paleolimnol., no.40, pp. 897–921.

8. Визначник еколого-генетичного статусу грунтів / М.І. Полупан, В.Б. Соловей, В.І. Кисіль, В.А. Ве-личко. – К.: Урожай, 2002. – 315 с.

Polupan, M.I., Solovey, V.B., Kysil, V.I. and Velichko, V.A. (2002), Vyznachnyk ekologo-genetychnogo statusu gruntiv [Identification Guide on Ecological and Genetic Types of Soils], Urozhay, Kyiv, Ukraine.

9. Куценко М.В. Науково-методологічні засади формування грунтозахисних та водоохоронних агро-ландшафтів / М.В. Куценко. – Харків, 2006. – 90 с.

Kutsenko, M.V. (2006), Naukovo-metodolohichni zasady formuvannia gruntozakhysnykh ta vodookhoronnykh ahrolandshaftiv [Theoretical and Methodological Base for Creation of Soil Conservation and Water-Protective Agricultural Landscapes], Kharkiv, Ukraine.

10. Магнітні властивості ґрунтів та їх положення в ландшафті / А.В. Сухорада, К.М. Бондар, О.В. Круглов, Ж.М. Матвіїшина, О.І. Меньшов // Фізична географія та геоморфологія. – 2005. – №49. – С. 36–43.

Sukhorada, A.V., Bondar, K.M., Kruglov, O.V., Matviishyna, L.M. and Memshov, O.I. (2005), “Magnetic features of soils and their place in a landscape”, Fizychna heohrafia ta heomorfolohia, no.49, pp. 36–43.

Date 2013-07-14 Filesize 368.88 KB Download 1775


This Month
All days

Guest Book

If you have questions, comments or suggestions, you can write them in our "Guest Book"

Registration data

ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.


D.Yavornytskyi ave.,19, pavilion 3, room 24-а, Dnipro, 49005
Tel.: +38 (056) 746 32 79.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
You are here: Home Archive by field of science Geological sciences Informational content of the soil magnetism indicators for solving agrogeophysics and soil science tasks