Articles

Optimization of heating efficiency of buildings above underground coal mines by infrared heaters

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Authors:


N.Spodyniuk, orcid.org/0000-0002-2865-9320, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.Voznyak, orcid.org/0000-0002-6431-088X, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

O.Savchenko, orcid.org/0000-0003-3767-380X, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

I.Sukholova, orcid.org/0000-0002-3319-2278, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

M.Kasynets, orcid.org/0000-0002-7686-7482, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


повний текст / full article



Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2022, (3): 100 - 106

https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2022-3/100



Abstract:



Purpose.
To optimize the energy and economic efficiency of heating system of ground structures of coal mines with infrared heaters due to the rational choice of technical parameters of heating devices and their operating conditions, namely, the irradiation intensity of the floor q, thermal power of the heater Q, blackness degree of the floor surface and the height of installation H of infrared heaters. To achieve this goal, the task was to conduct theoretical and experimental studies on infrared heaters NL-12R of heating system of a building above underground coal mines during its thermal modernization.


Methodology.
At applying radiant heating systems, infrared heaters provide local heating of the working area of the buildings above underground coal mines. As a result, the necessary temperature conditions are maintained in the buildings above underground coal mines and there is a possibility of creating a local microclimate. A multifactorial experiment was performed taking into account the interaction of factors. The results of the study are presented in graphical and analytical forms. In addition, an analytical method was used to optimize parameters and operating conditions of the radiant heating system with infrared heaters NL-12R, and their number in the system of combined heating of buildings above underground coal mines is optimized.


Findings.
According to the experimental results, dependence of the relative floor temperature on the intensity of floor irradiation q, thermal power of the heater Q, blackness degree of the floor surface floor and the height H of infrared heaters location was determined. The results are presented in the form of graphs and nomograms, as well as approximated by their analytical equations. The annual economic effect of the optimal variant of combined heating system due to use the maximum number of infrared heaters NL-12R is 39.4 Euro/year provided that the installation of infrared heaters NL-12R with a power of Q = 1200 W in the number of 5 pcs.


Originality.
Optimization of energy and economic efficiency of heating system of buildings above underground coal mines by infrared heaters NL-12R, due to the rational choice of technical parameters of heating devices and conditions of their operation, was carried out by the analytical method.


Practical value.
Results of optimization of thermal and economic parameters of operation of the combined heating system of buildings above underground coal mines with installation of infrared heaters NL-12R with power Q = 1200 W proved the efficiency of combined heating of above-ground structures and the achievement of the annual economic effect of 39.4 Euro/year.



Keywords:
heating system, buildings above underground coal mines, energy saving, thermal modernization, infrared heaters

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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