Environmental audit of ukrainian basin ecosystem of the prut river

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Authors:

M.Korchemlyuk, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), Carpathian National Nature Park, Yaremche, Ivano-Frankivsk region, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

L.Arkhypova, Dr. Sc. (Tech.), Prof., Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of oil and gas, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Purpose. To carry out an environmental audit within the Ukrainian part of the Prut River ecosystem with analysis of existing anthropogenic pressures and impact in order to improve the monitoring system.

Methodology. Long term data of various government agencies on quantitative, qualitative and hydro-biological water parameters of investigated hydro-ecosystem has been collected and statistically processed. Complex indicators included several groups of specialized classifications: the criteria of salt composition; trophic-saprobiological criteria; specific criteria for the content of toxic substances and radiation exposure; hydro-biological criteria – bio-indication indexes.

Findings. The main loads on the Prut River basin within Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi regions of Ukraine of both anthropogenic and natural origin have been analyzed. It was confirmed practically that the sources of environmental contamination at existing loads, the impact on the territory of natural disasters pose a threat to the population and the economy with a high level of risk and potential losses. Total load of waste water and pollutants that degrade water quality has been calculated as well as indicators of pressure on the river basin from sewage. Environmental audit results allowed identifying weaknesses in water monitoring system in the Prut basin ecosystem.

Originality. For the first time the environmental assessment of quality and quantity of the Prut surface water ecosystems has been comprehensively determined with comparison of parameters at different sample points. Science-based approaches to integrated management of the Prut River basin have been improved.

Practical value. The improved surface water monitoring network in Ukrainian part of the Prut basin considering point and non-point sources of pollution, adversely affected environmental factors has been presented. The study is the basis for the development of measures to achieve safe environmental condition in river basins that meets the obligations of Ukraine under the “Environment for Europe” process and improves cooperation with EU Member States.

References/Список літератури

1. Arkhypova, L. M., 2011. Natural and technogenic safety of hydroecosystems: monograph [Pryrodno- tekhnohenna bezpeka hidroekosystem]. Ivano-Frankivsk: Publishing house IFNTUNG.

2. Korchemliuk, M. and Arkhypova, L., 2015. Estimation of key pressures on the Prut river basin in Ukraine. Environmental safety. Kremenchug National University named after M. Ostrogradskiy No. 1(19), pp. 41–45.

3. Environmental Protection of International River Basins Project. A Pressure-Impact Analysis/Risk Assessment According to the EU WFD. The Prut basin, draft, part 2/ Prepared by UNENGO “MAMA-86”, available at: http://blacksea-riverbasins.net/en/pilot-basins/prut-basin

4. Water Code of Ukraine, 1995 (No. 213/95), Kyiv: Supreme Council of Ukraine, No. 24.

5. State sanitary rules and norms STATE STANDARDS 2.2.4-171-10, 2010. (No. 400). Kyiv: Official Journal of Ukraine, No. 39.

6. Directive 2000/60/EC of European Parliament and of the council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy// Official J. of the European Communities, L 327/1, 22.12/2000/EN.

7. Council Directive 98/83/EC of 5 December 1998 on the quality of waters intended for human consumption.

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Date 2016-11-15 Filesize 5.62 MB Download 432

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ISSN (print) 2071-2227,
ISSN (online) 2223-2362.
Journal was registered by Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
Registration number КВ No.17742-6592PR dated April 27, 2011.

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